Infertility: Causes and Treatment Options

Infertility is nothing but a condition where a female cannot get pregnant even after trying to get pregnant. Some of the common causes of infertility in women are thyroid problems, endometriosis, and uterine fibroids. Low testosterone levels or low sperm count is common in men with fertility issues.

The possibility of sterility rises with age.


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Infertility Types

  • Primary: When a woman, who did not get pregnant before, is not able to conceive after not using birth control for about a year, is called primary infertility.
  • Secondary: If a woman is unable to get pregnant again, after a successful pregnancy, it can be referred to as secondary infertility.

Even after trying everything possible to conceive, if you are not able to conceive, there are some good treatment options available nowadays. If you are a woman and in a relationship with the same gender, you can try to conceive with the treatment options available these days.

There are some good treatment centers that are providing male and female fertility treatment options. Some of their treatments might work, while some don’t.

If you are looking for the best treatment options, choose a treatment center like Hull and East Riding Fertility Clinic. This fertility clinic has the best team, who analyses your condition and suggests you the best treatment plan.

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Infertility Risk Factors

Some of the common risk factors for infertility are diabetes, smoking, stress, over-exercising, drinking alcohol, exposure to pesticides, radiation therapy, etc.

Male Infertility Risk Factors

Some of the male infertility risk factors are genetic disorders, low testosterone levels, testicular treatments, injury to the testicles, etc.

Female Infertility Risk Factors

Some of the female infertility risk factors are kidney disease, irregular menstruation cycles, ovarian insufficiency, celiac disease, Cushing’s syndrome, etc.

Tests to Diagnose Infertility

Pelvic Exam

Your doctor will examine your pelvis and take a Pap test to look for any structural issues or disease symptoms.

Transvaginal Ultrasound


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A medical professional will insert an ultrasound wand inside the vagina to detect the problems related to the reproductive system.

Blood Test

Hormone levels can be checked using a blood test.

How to prevent fertility problems?

To prevent fertility problems, you need to eat nutritious food every day. Ensure that you maintain a healthy body weight. If you are overweight, you must try your level best to lose weight and stay healthy. If you have a habit of smoking regularly, you need to avoid smoking.

You must also stay away from drugs. You must avoid getting yourself exposed to the chemicals. You need to stay active physically. However, this doesn’t mean that you must over-exercise.

Infertility Treatment Options

IVF Options

IVF can be performed with either fewer medications or none at all. These procedures, include IVM, natural IVF, and mild stimulation IVF. This is the best option for those who cannot use medications to improve their fertility due to their medical condition.

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You can even get your condition treated with surgery. Men with vasectomy and women with fibroids, endometriosis, and blockage of the fallopian tubes can undergo surgery. Your doctor will check your condition and let you know whether you are the right candidate for the surgery or not.


If you are a male and in a relationship with the same sex, surrogacy would be the best choice for you. It is also a good choice for women who have experienced miscarriages several times in the past. If the medical condition of a woman doesn’t support fertility treatment, surrogacy can be chosen.

There are many more treatment options available for individuals suffering from infertility. To know about them, you must contact a fertility clinic.

What questions you should ask a doctor before taking the treatment?


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  • What is the success rate of this treatment?
  • What has caused infertility in my case?
  • What would be the treatment cost?
  • Are there any side effects of the treatment?
  • How much time does it take to see the result?

Choose a doctor who is able to answer all your questions with great patience. A good doctor will also suggest you some changes in your diet and lifestyle to increase the success rate of the treatment.

Go through the patient reviews as well online before taking an appointment with any fertility clinic.

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